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Arabic Grammar Page قواعد نحوية
Parts of speech in Arabic language اقسام الكلام في اللغة العربية
Parts of speech in Arabic Language are:
1- ism ( noun ) اسم name of a person or animal or anything has a name.
2- fe'al ( verb ) فعل a verb in past or present or future.
3- harrf ( compound letters ) حرف example ( من - الى - لكن - عن - في - قد ) as ( to -of - off - from - but - if ).
مثال : جملة باللغة العربية على اقسام الكلام
An Arabic sentence ( Jumllah ) as an example on Parts of Speech:
ذهب محمد الى السوق means Mohamad went to the market. If we want to identify and recognize the types of words in this sentence,we will divide them as ( nouns ) ( verbs ) ( horrof). horrof means letters and this word horrof is a plural form of harrf like feet of foot.
1- nouns are ( محمد means Mohamad ) Mohamad is a name of a person and ( السوق means the market ) market is a name of a place.We have 2 names in this sentence ( mohamad and market ) and the is an article = ال
2- verbs are ذهب = went ( we have only one verb here which is went = ذهب )
3- horrof (letters) are الى = to ( we have only one letter here which is to = الى ). In Arabic we call words like (to,on,off,from,in,and ,but,if) horrof and they are conjunctions used to connect words( nouns and verbs together ) to make phrases or sentences .
Verbs in Arabic language
Verbs in Arabic Language devided to 3 types:
1- Fe"al Madei means ( Past Verb ) as kataba كتب for a male person ( he wrote )or katabat كتبت for a female person ( she wrote ) and as laeba لعب for a male or laebat لعبت for a female means he/she played.
2- Fe'al Muddare' or Hadder means ( Present Verb ) as yaktub يكتب for a male person ( he writes )or taktub تكتب for a female person ( she writes ) and as yala'b يلعب for a male person or tala'b تلعب for a female person means he/she plays.
3- Fe"al Ammr ( Command Verb ) as oktub أكتب for a male person and oktubei أكتبي for a female means write and as illabb العب/ illabei العبي means YOU, go play .
( Personal Pronouns ) ضمائر المخاطبة
أنت means YOU to talk to one male person---------- للمفرد المذكر -anta------------أنت تلميذ مهذب . أنتماmeans YOU to talk to 2 male------- للمثنى المذكر ------------antuma---------- أنتما تلميذان مهذبان . أنتمmeans YOU to talk to more than 2 male ------لجمع المذكر ----antum------ أنتم تلاميذ مهذبون .
أنتِmeans YOU to talk to one female person ------ للمفرد المؤنث ----antea------ أنتِ تلميذة مهذبة .
أنتماmeans YOU to talk to 2 female ------ للمثنى المؤنث --------------antuma--- أنتما تلميذتان مهذبتان . أنتن means YOU to talk to more than 2 female--- لجمع المؤنث------antunna--- أنتن تلميذات مهذبات .